If there weren’t any telomeres in our body, we would lose valuable genetic material every time one of our cells decided to divide. The reason why we are able to pass on DNA undamaged to the coming generation is because we have telomeres to protect the chromosomes from damage, death or shortening. Most people don’t understand the definition of a telomere.
But a drawback of this process is that telomeres get shortened instead and they do not replicate the way cell replication takes place in the body. When a cell divides and the chromosome splits, there are copies made of DNA material but in order for that to happen telomeres must be shortened and some part must be cut off.
People who have genetically shorter telomeres can have a shorter life span in general or can be more prone to get certain diseases such as cancer because their cells will suffer from tissue damage or inadequate replication and the chromosome will be exposed and can be altered to corrupted by viruses this way.
In the same way telomere lengthening which is the opposite of shortening has shown to be useful in treating certain diseases which are presumably fatal such as cancer. Cancer cells are notorious for fast multiplication but this can be stopped or controlled if through some mechanism the telomere degeneration can be delayed.
The accepted solution and miracle cure for this is found in Telomerase which is a naturally occurring enzyme in the body but for a slightly different purpose. It is most common in sperm cells since they create life and hold essential DNA information and the enzyme prevents this from leaking out or getting damaged.
If Telomerase can be harvested in the right amounts and a way can be found to inject it into existing telomeres, the effects can be staggering. Tests have shown that telomeres started replicating which was previously known to be impossible for them and something which they are unable to do naturally.
There has also been some research in Switzerland which suggests that telomere shortening is not a process which affects every individual the same way. Ethnicity and climate certainly play a part as do genetics. Some people have actually been shown to have longer telomeres which grew overtime rather than shortening.
It amazes scientists to fathom the possibilities if Telomerase can be used for reversing or delaying aging. Although the process is still largely in the first few stages and longitudinal studies have not been completed, research still seems to promise a great deal.
Some people will argue for skin products (like the one I mentioned earlier) or even non invasive liquid face lifts will do the trick but the fact is, you just can’t stop telomere shortening, you can only slow it down.